Difference between HTML and XML | What is HTML and What is XML

Difference between HTML and XML | What is HTML and What is XML






HTML vs XML
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Namaste! This blog post will explore the fundamental dissimilarities between HTML (HyperText Markup Language) and XML (eXtensible Markup Language). While both are markup languages used for structuring and presenting data on the web, they serve distinct purposes. Let's dive in and understand how HTML and XML differ from each other!


HTML: The Language of Web Content Presentation:

HTML, as the name suggests, is primarily designed for presenting content on the web. It provides a standardized way to structure and format web pages, allowing users to define the layout, text styles, images, and links. HTML follows a hierarchical structure with predefined tags that represent various web page elements, such as headings, paragraphs, tables, forms, and more. It focuses on how the content should be displayed to users rather than emphasizing the underlying data structure.

XML: The Language for Structured Data:

XML, on the other hand, is a versatile markup language used for storing and exchanging structured data. Unlike HTML, XML does not dictate how the data should be presented but rather focuses on describing the data itself. XML allows users to create custom tags and define their own data structure. It is often used for data interchange between different systems and platforms, as it provides a flexible and standardized way to represent information.

Key Differences:

Difference between XML and HTML
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        Purpose:

  • HTML: Primarily used for structuring and presenting web content.
  • XML: Used for defining custom data structures and exchanging data between different systems.
    Syntax:
  • HTML: Uses predefined tags with predefined meanings to define the structure of a web page.
  • XML: Allows users to create custom tags and define their own data structure.

        Data Presentation:


  • HTML: Focuses on how the content should be displayed to users, including visual formatting and styling.
  • XML: This does not concern itself with the presentation of data, as it is primarily focused on describing the structure and meaning of the data.


        Validation:

  • HTML: Has built-in validation rules and error handling for ensuring the proper rendering of web pages.
  • XML: Requires users to define their own validation rules or use external schemas for data validation.

Conclusion:

In conclusion, HTML and XML are both markup languages with different purposes and applications. HTML is used for presenting content on the web and focuses on visual presentation, while XML is used for defining custom data structures and enables data interchange between different systems. Understanding these differences will help you choose the appropriate markup language based on your specific requirements. So whether you're building web pages or exchanging data, now you have a clearer picture of HTML and XML and their unique roles in the world of web development and data management.

I hope this blog post has shed light on the dissimilarities between HTML and XML in a user-friendly and easy-to-understand manner. If you have any further questions, feel free to ask. Dhanyavaad and happy coding!




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